The History Gemstones

Gemstones are among Earth’s rarest and most beautiful creations and have been used as adornment since ancient times. Jewels ranging from simple seashells to rough emeralds have been found in graves dating back 20,000 years. They are history’s preeminent symbols of wealth and power. Their small size and portability make them an important currency even today.

Throughout time gemstones are believed to have unique physical and spiritual healing properties. These minerals evoke our connection to nature and universal energy. It’s easy to understand how cultures around the world have developed a metaphysical connection to gemstones. Whatever your belief, there is no denying our fascination with gemstones starting as early as our first rock collection as children. I hope you enjoy reading about gemstone properties and their meanings.

Mineral Gemstones

Agates: Agate is chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a wide variety of colors and textures. Each individual agate forms by filling a cavity in its host rock, resulting in bands like the rings of a tree trunk, looking similar to eyes. Agate can heighten perceptiveness, strength, inspiration and awaken talents.

Amazonite: This semi-opaque blue-green variety of feldspar is named after the Amazon River. Amazonite promotes kindness and practicality and balances feminine and masculine energy. Stone associated with the sixth chakra.

Amethyst: It is the most valuable of the quartz group and occurs in shades of purple, lilac, mauve and green. Amethyst brings contentment, spirituality, dreams, healing, peace, happiness, love, intuition. Stone associated with the seventh chakra.

Ametrine: Ametrine is a rare and unusual stone which occurs in quartz when amethyst and citrine reside in the same crystal. The bicolored quartz is found in the jungles of Bolivia. Ametrine is known for intellectual stimulation, attunement, releasing and dispelling tension.

Apatite: It is an abundant mineral found in many types of rock. It’s color ranges from yellow, blue, violet and green. Apatite is known for intellect, achieving results, healing, insight, humanitarianism, meditation, balance, creativity.

Aquamarine: A member of the Beryl family, it gets its name from two Latin words that mean water and sea. This lovely pale greenish-blue gem has been popular since 400 BC. It is said to be the stone of courage, protection, purification, balance and preparedness.

Aventurine: A metamorphic quartzite that comes in a range of colors from green, reddish-peach, pinkish-brown and blue. Aventurine is known for healing, money, mental agility, visual acuity, peace, opening heart, motivation, leadership.

Carnelian: One of the most popular chalcedony gems for centuries. Its warm, bright colors range from light peach, vivid orange, red-orange, to brownish-red. It is the female warrior stone and is known for precision, analytical capabilities, physical energy, verbal skill, peace and spirituality. Stone associated with the second chakra.

Chalcedony: A variety of quartz that includes; Agate, Chrysoprase, carnelian, Jasper and Bloodstone. In the Middle Ages bloodstone was thought to hold drops of Christ’s blood and to be all powerful.

Chrysoprase: A type of chalcedony, it is found in Australia and is a beautiful green and can have bands of brown. The apple green chrysoprase is the most valuable. It is known for love, grace, compassion, clemency and personal growth.

Citrine: A member of the quartz family ranging in color from light yellow to dark honey gold. Citrine is known for intuition, comfort, protection, creativity, physical energy, wealth and mental awakening. Stone associated with third chakra.

Coral: Coral is formed by the skeletal remains of tiny marine animals know as coral polyps and grown in branch like formations. It comes in a variety of colors; red, pink, white and blue. It is known for diplomacy, quieting emotions, visualization.

Drusy Quartz: Drusy's are gemstones with a natural surface texture much like fine sugar crystals that formed on the Quartz by the phenomena of micro-crystalline facets millions of years ago.

Quartz: A family of stones that are the most abundant mineral in Earth’s continental crust; amethyst, ametrine, rock crystal, citrine, gold/lemon quartz, smoky quartz, rutilated, tiger’s eye and start quartz to name a few. It is known to intensifying energy, spiritual development, healing and raising consciousness.

Fluorite: Also called fluorspar is composed of calcium fluoride. It is known for stability, impartial reasoning, responsibility, concentration and health. Stone associated with second chakra.

Garnet: Garnet is a crystal that comes from the Latin word pomegranate and is a rich red. It also comes in in a much wider array of colors; reds, pinks, oranges, greens and yellow-browns. It is said to lift spirits and warm the heart, also for removing negativity, awareness, commitment, regeneration, order and insight. Stone associated with first chakra.

Hematite: Consists of Iron oxide. Hematite is a silvery, shiny opaque stone that almost looks like metal. It is known as a healing and grounding stone, it strengthens the body and improves resistance to life's stresses. Stone associated with first chakra.

Iolite: Iolite is a transparent, violet-blue, light blue, blue, rich blue-violet stone. It is known for intuition, spiritual growth, healing, balance, releasing discord, awakening to inner knowledge.

Jade: Two minerals, jadeite and nephrite are known as jade. The most recognizable color is green, ranging from light to dark, bright to opaque. Jade also comes in yellow, white and lilac. It is revered in China and children wear jade to prevent disease. It is also known for fidelity, dreams, realization of potential, peace, accord, resourcefulness and accomplishment.

Kyanite: An aluminum silicate that ranges from blue, green, to colorless. The name kyanite is derived from kyanus which is Greek meaning blue. It is known for clarity, mental attunement and calm. Stone associated with fifth chakra.

Labradorite: An iridescent play of color called schiller make labradorite an intriguing gemstone. It is from the feldspar family and occurs in Labrador, Canada, Finland and the former USSR. The colors include, blue, green, orange and yellow. It is known for alignment, spiritual connection, transformation, clarity, peace, progression and discernment.

Lapis Lazuli: Blue microcrystalline rock composed primarily of the mineral azurite. It often sparkles with golden pyrite inclusions. It’s largely mined in Afghanistan and Chile. Lapis is known for wisdom, intuition, awareness, objectivity, clarity, creativity, expanded consciousness, dreams, purity, courage and serenity. Stone associated with sixth chakra.

Mother of Pearl: Comes from the iridescent shell lining of large oysters and abalones. In China Mother of Pearl has been prescribed for heart palpitations, dizziness and high blood pressure. It is also known for mental clarity, intuition, sensitivity, imagination, adaptability and cooperation.

Pearl: Cultured Pearls – Natural pearls are nearly impossible to find these days. The art of cultured pearls has been mastered by the Japanese and made famous by Mr. Mikimoto. He mastered the technique of artificially producing pearls by inserting beads of clam shell into oysters and producing gorgeous pearls. Freshwater Pearls – Grown in fresh water instead of salt water. Pearls are known as the tears of the gods as well as for purity, faith, charity, innocence, integrity, focus, wisdom, spirituality, sincerity and fertility.

Peridot: Also known as Olivine, peridot ranges in color from light yellow-green to a bright green. It is known for warmth, friendliness, understanding, openness in love and relationships and regulation of cycles.

Prehnite: A pale green to yellowish stone in the silicate family. Prehnite is a stone of unconditional love.

Pyrite: The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, is an iron sulfide and is commonly known as “Fools Gold” because it is mistaken for gold. It is known for defense, prevention, protection from negativity, physical wholeness and memory.

Rose Quartz: See Quartz. Rose quartz is a soft pink. It is known for love, peace, happiness, gentleness and healing emotional wounds. Stone associated with fourth chakra.

Smoky Quartz: See quartz, Smoky quartz is known for Dissolving emotional blockage, clearing the mind, grounding, cooperation, personal pride, joy in living, attentiveness to the moment and protection. Stone associated with the first chakra.

Tourmaline: Exists in all spectrums of color, the most common being green, pink and yellow. Many refer to tourmaline as the “muses” stone for its inspirational powers, drawing out vision and creativity.

Turquoise: Hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminum turquoise ranges in color from sky blue, blue-green, apple green to a very pale green. Indigenous to the Southwest, turquoise is mined in Arizona, Nevada, Colorado and New Mexico and is often identified by the mine from which it came. Today, much of the Southwest mines have been depleted and now much is imported from Asia. Turquoise is recognized for Spiritual attunement, cleansing, healing, protection, valor, soothing, peace of mind, guidance through the unknown and romantic spontaneity. Stone associated with fifth chakra.

Metals

Sterling Silver – Sterling silver is often characterized as pure silver when in fact it is a silver alloy. Pure silver, also called fine silver is defined as 99.9% pure silver, but is too soft for most uses. Sterling silver contains 92.5% silver, with the remaining 7.5% being other metal, most often copper.

Pewter – Tin is the highest concentration in pewter. Most pewter uses at least 90% tin, the other metals in the ally are used as hardeners to make pewter practical for use. Classically pewter has been cast in molten form and highly tarnish resistant. All pewter used in Splash Jewelry is nickel and lead free.

Gold Fill – Gold fill is a method by which a thin foil of gold is bonded by heat and pressure to a core of brass. In the case of gold filled wire, the gold foil surrounds a brass core while gold filled sheet metal has gold clad on both sides. The layer of gold must be 1/20th or 5% of the total weight of the metal.

Vermeil – A product that is made from a base of Sterling Silver that is coated or plated on its surfaces with gold of at least 10 K gold fineness and at least 2.5 microns thick. Bali vermeil is 24 K gold over sterling silver.

Brass - Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. Brass has a muted yellow color which is somewhat similar to gold. It is relatively resistant to tarnishing and is often used as decoration and for coins. It has become increasing popular in jewelry as gold prices have sky rocketed. It comes in coated, non-tarnishing and in natural. The natural brass patinas over time and has a wonderful vintage feel.

Modern Birthstones

January - Garnet
February - Amethyst
March - Aquamarine
April - Diamond
May - Emerald
June - Pearl
July - Ruby
August - Peridot
September - Sapphire
October - Opal
November - Topaz
December - Turquoise / Blue Zircon / Blue Topaz

Traditional Birthstones

January - Garnet
February - Amethyst
March - Bloodstone
April - Diamond
May - Emerald
June - Alexandrite
July - Ruby
August - Sardonyx
September - Sapphire
October - Tourmaline
November - Citrine
December - Turquoise

Zodiac Stones

Capricorn (Dec 22 - Jan 20) - Ruby
Aquarius (Jan 21 - Feb 21) - Garnet
Pisces (Feb 22 - March 21) - Amethyst
Aries (March 22 - April 20) - Bloodstone (Jasper)
Taurus (April 21 - May 21) - Sapphire
Gemini (May 22 - June 21) - Agate
Cancer (June 22 - July 22) - Emerald
Leo (July 23 - August 22) - Onyx
Virgo (August 23 - Sept 22) - Carnelian
Libra (Sept 23 - Oct 23) - Chrysolite (Peridot)
Scorpio (Oct 24 - Nov 21) - Aquamarine
Sagittarius (Nov 23 - Dec 21) - Topaz